Ever wonder how images are constructed? Well, this webpage will give you tremendous insight! There are three common ways of making an image appear in full color.
This utility allows you to compare all three systems of color. Have fun making sense of it all. There are multiple images provided for you to deconstruct. Please try them all!
Back to Color Playground
Drag the image apart to see the overlapping planes in the color space that make up the image. These slides act like transparencies on an overhead projector.
Use the top buttons above the image to switch between Subtractive Color Space, Additive Color Space and Visual Color Space.
Use the buttons below the image to switch between images, or to reset the current image.
A "color space" is the set of colors in the visible spectrum that can be reproduced by a particular device.
There are three different cones in our eye that are used to perceive color. The Red cone is sensitive to the lower range of spectral light (red). The Green cone is sensitive to the middle range of spectral light (green), and the Blue cone is sensitive to the upper range of spectral light (blue). These sensitivities to color overlap, so that when the spectral color 'yellow' hits the eye, it fires both the Red cone and the Green cone, and our brain sees the color yellow. When spectral Cyan hits the eye, it fires both the Green cone, and the Blue cone, and our brain sees cyan. White light is composed of all the colors in the spectrum, and when all three cones are fired, our brain sees white.
Where things get interesting is you can fool the brain into thinking it sees yellow by shining both a green and red spectral light into the eye. In this fashion, the colors of nature can be reproduced using just three spectral colors: red, green, and blue. This feature of our eye is the foundation for how color reproduction works, and is the basis of color photography, color television, color printing, color lighting, color paint mixing, and color computer display screens.
In a darkened room, the three primaries are Red, Green and Blue. These three spectral colors, when shone into our eyes, modulated with different levels of intensity, can be used to closely reproduce the full set of visible colors. This is how a projector, color television, or color computer display reproduce color.
In a lit room, light reflects off of surfaces, and our eye perceives the color of the reflected light. When light is reflected off a green leaf, the red and blue ends of the spectrum are absorbed, and our eye sees the reflected green spectral light. The color cyan (the color of the sky during the day), is all of the spectral colors reflected back except for red. The color magenta (a primary color that does not have a spectral equivalent), is all the spectral colors reflected back except for Green. The color yellow is all the spectral colors reflected back except for blue.
If you were to take three transparencies (cyan, magenta, and yellow) and overlap them, the yellow transparency absorbs blue, the magenta transparency absorbs green, and the cyan transparency absorbs red. In this fashion, if all three transparencies overlap, red, green and blue is absorbed, nothing is reflected back, and our eye perceives black. This is how color paint mixing, and color offset printing reproduce color.
Color can be described as having three distinct visual attributes: hue, saturation, and luminosity. Hue is the part of the spectrum the color matches (plus magenta). Saturation is how far the color is from grey (as a color becomes more saturated, it is perceived as more colorful). In the above simulation, the saturation is visualized as shades of magenta. Luminosity is the intensity of the color, matching what our eyes would see if the image was rendered in black and white. Hue, saturation and luminosity are the attributes that people use to talk about color in decorating, fashion, painting, architecture, and image reproduction.
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